To start, there are FIVE food groups:
In the original food guide pyramid, there is a very small cap stone triangle at the tippy-top. The food items that fall into this category are alcoholic beverages, fats, oils, and sweets. The serving sizes for these items - USE SPARINGLY.
Now, the five food groups each have there own amount of servings that should be eaten daily. This is known as the Recommended Daily Intake.
Today's post lacks inspiration and creativity, nevertheless, this is important information. I've only listed 14 definitions. There are thousands. These, in particular, are words I hear thrown around everyday.
nutrition - the study of the nutrients in foods and in the body.
diet - the foods and beverages a person usually eats and drinks.
nutrients - components of food that are indispensable to the body's functioning. They provide energy, serve as building material, help maintain or repair body parts, and support growth. The nutrients include water, carbohydrate, fat, protein, vitamins, and minerals.
energy - the capacity to do work. The energy in food is chemical energy; it can be converted to mechanical, electrical, thermal, or other forms of energy in the body. Food energy is measured in calories.
calories - units of energy. In nutrition science, the unit used to measure the energy is a kilocalorie (kcal or Calorie): it is the amount of heat energy necessary to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water 1 degree Celsius.
metabolism - the sum of all physical and chemical changes taking place in living cells; includes all reactions by which the body obtains and spends the energy from food.
carbohydrates - compounds composed of single or multiple sugars. The name means "carbon and water" and a chemical shorthand for carbohydrate is CHO, signifying carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
complex carbohydrates - long chains of sugar units arranged to form starch or fiber; also called polysaccharides.
sugars - simple carbohydrates.
glucose - a single sugar used by plant and animal tissues for energy.
starch - a plant polysaccharide composed of glucose; a plant's storage form of glucose. After cooking starch, it is highly digestible by the human body; raw starch often resists digestion.
fats - lipids that are solid at room temperature. protein - compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen and arranged as strands of amino acids. Some amino acids contain the element sulfur.
amino acids - the building blocks of protein.
essential amino acids - amino acids that either cannot be synthesized at all by the body or cannot be synthesized in amounts sufficient enough to meet physiological need. They must be ingested.
There are three energy yielding nutrients: carbohydrate, protein, fat (lipid). Alcohol yields energy, but is not a nutrient.
Yes, I have not posted since April. Posting is hard when you are doing a lot of things and taking care of your everyday life: house work, house projects, pets (chickens and cats), spouse, volunteering with local organizations.
I have often wondered how some of the bloggers out there have time to post so much. Especially yoga and fitness instructors. What I have noticed is that the majority of them don't own a three story Victorian house or raise backyard chickens. Most of them live in apartments in big cities. A lot of them haven't been married for 25 years. So, I can't really compare myself to others and I shouldn't. But it is our nature to do so, and then you have to do a reality check. Take your own personal inventory of your own life and be totally O.K. with it!
On top of my regular teaching of my own classes that I offer out of my home studio, which has grown to 6 classes a week. I've also been doing the following:
_Kinesiology is the study of human movement; my option, pedagogy, is the study of teaching. I teach and analyze human movement to create skilled movers.
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